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Saturday, May 25, 2024

The Canadian Housing Bubble: Implications and Potential Warning Signs

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In a concerning analysis, an expert describes Canada as teetering on the brink of one of the “largest housing bubbles of all time.” The consequences of this bubble bursting may be more severe than initially predicted, potentially pushing the country into a deeper recession.

While the immediate burst of the bubble may not have occurred yet, Phillip Colmar, a Partner at Global Strategy House at MRB Partners, emphasizes that it is nearly unavoidable. He explains the underlying crisis and shares crucial insights in an exclusive interview with Todd van der Heyden on Tuesday.


  1. Housing Price vs. Income: Colmar points out the increasing disparity between housing prices and income, a significant sign of a housing bubble. Prolonged low-interest rates have attracted many homebuyers, leading to a situation where homebuyers carry significant debt (called over-leverage) as the foundation of the entire system. Rising debt levels or excessive leverage has become a common phenomenon in the real estate market. The speaker suggests that this situation could pose potential risks when much of the real estate market relies on high debt levels, leading to financial instability if the housing bubble bursts or if interest rates rise significantly.
  2. Leverage Levels: Homeowners in Canada are using significantly more financial leverage compared to homeowners in the United States before the housing market collapsed in 2008. Colmar highlights Canada’s alarming position in this regard, calling it “off the charts.”
  3. Mortgage Renewals and Burden: In contrast to the United States, borrowers in Canada have to renew their mortgages every five years at the prevailing interest rate. This arrangement has led to massive mortgage burdens and challenges regarding repayment. Colmar emphasizes that while the ability to repay is currently strained, servicing mortgage debt is also overextended.
  4. Rising Interest Rates and Debt Management: Canada’s interest rates are currently at their highest since 2001, following a series of rate hikes aimed at curbing inflation. Colmar underscores that the pressures faced by homeowners carrying mortgage debt are just a glimpse of the challenges ahead.
  5. Potential Triggering Factors for an Explosion: Colmar suggests that while the housing collapse may not happen immediately, rising mortgage rates and employment levels are critical factors to monitor. He warns that if mortgage rates surge simultaneously with an increase in unemployment, Canada could find itself in a situation similar to the 2008 U.S. crisis, leading to deep deleveraging, significant economic recession, and currency depreciation.

In conclusion, while the Canadian housing bubble may not have burst yet, the warning signs are unmistakable. The nation’s real estate market faces substantial risks and must closely monitor interest rate fluctuations and employment trends to avoid hidden economic instability.

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