Did you know that the name Canada came from the Iroquoian word “kanata,” which means village? While the country is widely known for its premium maple syrup and Icewine, its major exports are actually crude petroleum, cars and gold. With an area spanning across 9.98 million square kilometers, Canada is the world’s second-largest country. It is divided into 10 provinces and three territories, each with its own quirks and charms. Here are some fun facts…
Ontario holds about 20 per cent of the world’s fresh water supply in its 250,000 lakes and 100,000 rivers.
The city of Montreal in the province of Quebec has the world’s largest underground city. Officially called RÉSO, it is a pedestrian network of more than 33 kilometers that connects residential and commercial buildings above and below ground in downtown Montreal.
Newfoundland and Labrador’s official dog breeds are the Newfoundland and the Labrador Retriever.
Prince Edward Island is the largest potato producer in Canada, with more than 86,000 acres planted each year.
The Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Nova Scotia boasts some of the rarest artifacts from Titanic. The ship sank on her maiden voyage at about 700 nautical miles away from Halifax, the province’s capital, in 1912.
New Brunswick’sBay of Fundyhas the highest tides in the world. They can reach up to 16 meters.
Saskatchewan is Canada’s sunniest province, with more than 2,000 hours of sunshine a year.
Manitoba has the largest gathering of red-sided garter snakes in the world. Every spring, tens of thousands of these snakes emerge from the Narcisse Snake Dens (about an hour’s drive north of Winnipeg) to mate.
Alberta recorded the earliest usage of the Halloween term “trick or treat” in a 1927 newspaper article about costumed pranksters.
The Cowichan Community Centre on Vancouver Island in British Columbia is home to the world’s biggest hockey stick and puck. The stick is 62 meters long and weighs 28,118 kilograms.
Measuring 5,959 meters, Yukon‘s Mount Logan, in Kluane National Park and Reserve, is the highest peak in Canada and the second-highest in North America.
Canada is the world’s third-largest producer of rough diamonds by value. Most of the mines are in the Northwest Territories. Nunavut is Canada’s biggest territory, with a total area of two million square kilometers. The best way to travel between the 25 communities there is by plane or snowmobile.
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