Canadian Immigration

The multiyear immigration plan revealed in November 2018 and faster processing time are boosting newcomers to Canada.

Express Entry

This program was launched three years ago and has become the fastest way to get Canadian Permanent Residence (PR). In 2018 there were 89,800 Invitations to Apply for permanent residence (ITA) through 107 draws with the interval between draws typically every two weeks.

Last year Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) set up a pattern of gradually increasing draw sizes. At the beginning of the year there were 2,750 ITAs and at the end of August it hit a peak of 3,900. The numbers stayed stable between the first draw in September and the last draw of the year on December 19. To achieve the higher target in 2019, will IRCC expand the draw sizes, or hold more draws? Either way will have an impact on the minimum score.

Some comparisons of Express Entry throughout the years.
2015201620172018
Number of ITAs31,06333,78286,02389,800
Number of draws235080107
Minimum score (Federal Skilled Worker Class – FWSC and Canadian Experience Class – CEC)450453413439

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)

Provincial Nominee Programs are another way to get permanent residence and the programs are getting more popular. The streams of Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker, Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry Category B, and Ontario Human Capital Priorities are particularly significant to watch. Their attraction is that candidates do not have to have previous connections with the province such as having been to the province or receiving a job offer from a provincial employer.

Latest changes in 2018 applicable in 2019

  • The Multiyear Immigration Plan has been extended until 2021. As per this plan, Canada will receive more than one million permanent residents by 2021. The target for 2019 is 330,800, of which 191,600 are for economic programs and 88,500 are for Family Class programs.
  • Alberta, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba and Saskatchewan have launched the new Nominee Program linked with Express Entry.
  • Saskatchewan implemented a new Expression of Interest based system to replace the first come, first served system of the Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program.
  • The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program announced it will accept applicants with a CRS score below 400.
  • The dependent child age has been increased to under 22 from under 19.
  • The Conditional Permanent Rule which requires some sponsored spouses or partners to stay with their sponsors at least two years has been cancelled.
  • Applicants for Permanent Resident (PR) via federal Express Entry can get an additional 30 CRS points with strong French language skills.
  • Applicants for Permanent Residence (PR) via federal Express Entry can get an additional 15 CRS points if they have siblings in Canada.

The Canadian federal election will take place in October 2019, and its result may change the current immigration plans. Therefore, advice for people who want to take advantage of the current conditions is to apply as soon as possible.

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