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In these summer days as we are out sweltered and thirsty, to consume some watermelon makes us feel so chilled, sweet and quenched.

Because watermelons have red flesh, they are alternatively known as Red Melons. However, people have now successfully hybridized and produced watermelons of yellow flesh and equal attractiveness.

Previously, watermelon season in the North occurs between April and July and between January and March or April in the South. However, thanks to grafting and tissue technologies, yield of watermelons can be achieved all year round.

When it comes to benefits of watermelons, the Chinese once said: Two watermelons in hot days keep the doctor away. In addition, watermelons are also the uncrowned King of summer fruits.

Its scientific name is Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. It belongs to Cucurbitaceae family.

Watermelons are also considered “From the West” based on a legend in the “Accounts of bizarre myths of Linh Nam”: An Tiem was an adoptive son of the 17th Hung King. He was talented but so honest that he vexed quite many court mandarins. Hence, they urged the king to put An Tiem in exile on a deserted island. On the island, one day An Tiem caught sight of a strange bird from the west gripping a big prey. An Tiem hurled a stone at the bird. To its terror the bird flew away and dropped the prey. An Tiem came close and saw the prey was bright red, and at the first bite, he found the prey was sweet, delectable and cool. An Tiem grew its seeds. After a while, his garden was filled with numerous round green peeled fruits that, once chopped, yielded a beautiful red color and a sweet, cool taste. An Tiem remembered the bird gripping the prey from the West and named the fruit “From the West”.

Medicinal ingredients: Watermelon flesh and peel (From the West’s skin).

Out of 100g watermelon (edible), the composition is as follows: 94g water, 5.5g glucid, 15.5mg phosphorus, 81mg kali, 8mg calcium, 12mg magnesium, 0.4mg iron, 3mg vitamin C, lycopen (red watermelon) and carotene (yellow watermelon).

Properties: Mildly sweet, cold.

Attributable organs: Benefiting heart, lungs, spleen and stomach. Helps resist heat, quench thirst, boost urination, particularly transmit heat to evaporate through the urinary system.

Dose:
  • Corpa: as much as you can eat.
  • Peel: 6 to 30g
  • Thin mist outside a watermelon: used as a remedy to breathe into throat at discretions.
Taboos:

Excessive consumption of watermelons hurts spleen and increases humidity. Those who are cold and humid should avoid watermelons.
People who usually live with anemia, kidney failure, excessive urination, cold stomach, nausea or diarrhea can only consume a bit or at best shy away from watermelons.

Some benefits of Watermelons

Slaking:

  • Watermelons are red, in association with heat, and they are also succulent, hence they are of help to cool down and slake (called yield of new fluids in Oriental medicine). Broiling sun and sweating drains away some minerals. Watermelon boasts calcium and magnesium to supplement the lost minerals. Watermelons also have kali, known for its benefits of boosting urination and warding off heat through urination.
  • Remedy for summer flu or heat flu without being able to sweat, making your body heated and furious and thirsty…: Edge of fresh lotus leaves, Fresh Japanese honeysuckle, Watermelon peel (From the West), Fresh Lablab vulgaris savi, Melon peel and Fresh bamboo leaves are extracted with two cups of water into one cup and serve twice a day.
  • Remedy for heat that gives your body fever, excess sweat, thirst, red urine and inner fury: Licorice, Edge of lotus leaves, Goldthread, Mondograss, Rice, Western ginseng, Watermelon, Dendrobium nobile Dindl., Rhizoma Anemarrhenae and Bamboo leaves. Extract and serve.
  • Remedy for oral sores: Extract watermelon juice and keep in your mouth.
  • Distract heat: Folks get used to watermelons as a remedy to distract heat and dissolve heat in colons. Its benefits can rival those of the “White Tiger remedy”, thus its colloquial name “God-given White Tiger remedy”.
  • Remedy for urination difficulties and constipation: Hot days swelter you and cause constipation, yellow urine and weak urination. Watermelons bolster urination and excretion.
  • Remedy for constipation: Constipation is caused by fluids in your body evaporated by heat. Watermelons contain water and spawn new fluids to solve root causes of constipation. In addition, consumed watermelon flesh also serves as fiber to stimulate peristalses and increase colon operations against constipation.
  • Remedy for cirrhosis induced edema: One watermelon weighing 1kg. Cut its butt, remove all seeds. Peel off 10 big garlic pieces and pound them out, put into the watermelon and cover the fruit with the butt. Steam until cooked, chop out and consume all the flesh in one day.
  • Intoxication: Alcohol promptly evaporates and causes heat that reddens skin, inner fury and thirst… Watermelons help to dissolve heat and slake, which is necessary for alcohol fueled parties. Furthermore, levulose element in watermelon also helps bolster the metabolism of wine to quicken intoxication process.
  • Weight loss: High heat fueled foods are likely to cause obesity. In contrast, watermelon contains much water and thus spawns less heat. Watermelon also bolsters urination and digestion, hence quite suitable for obese people on diet.
  • Support for diabetes remedies:
    • Watermelon contains much levulose, which is a slow sugar 1.5 times sweeter than glucose. The sugar is not warned against diabetes people.
    • According to Traditional medicine, diabetes is classified as Thirst induced and includes 3 main symptoms: Lung thirst (thirst for water), Spleen thirst (thirst for foods and quickly hungry) and Kidney thirst (excessive urination). Watermelon contains much water and spawns new fluids to dissolve heat, thus suitable for people with diabetes.
  • Enhancement of facial skin: Remove all seeds in watermelon flesh, squeeze or ground it with a binder and apply on your facial skin on a daily basis. Watermelons smoothes out your facial skin. Besides, watermelon cream also narrows pores and erases wrinkles (thanks to abundant water volume to hydrate your facial skin) that can rival cream with vitamin E.

Watermelon peel

 Helpful in dissolving heat, quenching thirst and bolstering urination. It cures heat concentration that causes thirst, insufficient urination, edema and oral sores.

  • Remedy for kidney inflammation, edema: 50g watermelon peel, 60g fresh Rhizoma Imperatae Clyndricae. Mix with 1 litre of water, make a decoction and consume 3 times a day.
  • Remedy for falls resulting in backache and immovability: Watermelon peel is dried in the shade and grounded into powder. Each dose is 8g with hot liquor mixed with salt.
  • Remedy for toothache: Reduce watermelon peel to ashes, grind into powder and apply on the aching teeth.
  • Remedy for hypertension: Remove the outer peel of the copra and dry. Each dose of 12g added with 9g Senna obtusifolia and extract to consume instead of tea.
  • Remedy for children’s fevers in summer and autumn: Watermelon peel 60g, 5g Bamboo leaf buds, 10g Lotus leaves, 10g raw plaster and 6g Artemisia artemis. Extract and consume.

 Watermelon mist

  • Instructions: Make a hole at the top of a big watermelon (weighing 1.5 to 2kg), add 500g Mirabilitum powder (available in Oriental pharmacies), tightly cover the holed watermelon and hang in airy places. Ten days later, the outer part of the watermelon yields a layer of white mist, which is watermelon mist to be used in this remedy.
    According to Oriental remedy, the mist is salty and cold property. It benefits Spleen and Lungs. Of help as a remedy for throat ulcers, oral sores, toothache and sore throat.
  • Remedy for sore throat and oral sores: Grind up watermelon mist, drop a bit in a tube and breathe into throat three to five times a day (swallowing is allowed).